The Army of Northern Virginia
the primary military force of the Confederate States of America during
the United States Civil War in the eastern theater.
At the Battle of Antietam (September 17, 1862) it was led by General
Robert E. Lee. The right wing was under the command of Major General James
Longstreet and the the left wing under Major General Thomas J. Jackson
(Stonewall Jackson). The Cavalry was led by Major General James Ewell Brown
Stuart and the Reserve Artillery by Brigadier General W. N. Pendleton.
The Army fought in a number of battles, including:
Battle of Antietam September 17 1862
Battle of Gettysburg July 1 1863
Battle of Cold Harbor
Battle of Chancellorsville
Battle of Fredericksburg December 11 1862
Battle of Seven Pines May 31 1862
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
Battle of the Crater
Battle of the Wilderness May 5 1864
Of note is "Robert E. Lee's Farewell to the Army of Northern Virginia"
"After four years of arduous service, marked by unsurpassed courage
and fortitude, the Army of Northern Virginia has been compelled to yield
to overwhelming numbers and resources.
I need not tell the survivors of so many hard-fought battles who have
remained steadfast to the last that I have consented to this result from
no distrust of them; but feeling that valor and devotion could accomplish
nothing that could compensate for the loss that would have attended the
continuance of the contest, I determined to avoid the useless sacrifice
of those whose past services have endeared them to their countrymen. By
the terms of the agreement, officers and men can return to their homes
and remain until exchanged.
You may take with you the satisfaction that proceeds from the consciousness
of duty faithfully performed, and I earnestly pray that a merciful God
will extend to you his blessing and protection.
With an unceasing admiration of your constancy and devotion to your
country, and a grateful remembrance of your kind and generous consideration
of myself, I bid you all an affectionate farewell."