The Battle of Shiloh
was a major
battle in the American Civil War, fought in south central Tennessee, 25
miles northeast of Corinth, Mississippi. It took place on April 6 and April
7, 1862. It is also called the Battle of Pittsburg Landing
Shiloh was fought by the Confederate Army of the Mississippi, led by
Albert Sidney Johnston (killed 6 April) and Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard,
against the Union Army of the Tennessee, led by Ulysses Simpson Grant,
and the Army of the Ohio, commanded by Don Carlos Buell.
The two day battle, the costliest in American history up to that time,
resulted in the defeat of the Confederate force and frustration of Johnston's
plans to prevent the joining of the two Union armies in Tennessee. A total
of 23,746 men were killed, wounded, or missing.