|Birth Year : 1862
Death Year : 1918
Gustav Klimt was born in Baumgarten, Vienna. As a teenager he received
a scholarship to attend the newly founded Arts and Crafts College of the
Austrian Museum of Art and Industry where he and his brother Ernst studied
under such artists as Reisser, Minnigerode, and Hrachowina. Their style
of portraying voluptuous nude figures influenced him greatly. Along with
his brother and Franz Matsch, Klimt transferred to Ferdinand Lauftberger's
painting class in 1878. During the years 1879-1896, Klimt was commissioned
to decorate theatres and museums, painting ceilings and murals. Klimt was
perhaps the centreal figure in the Viennese Secession, which took place
in 1897. He remained its president until 1903, and it is only after his
own secession from the movement that he started painting landscapes.
criticized by the public, Klimt's style of using patterns, movement and
color continued to develop. Klimt's "golden period" sprung from his exposure
to Byzantine Frescoes, to the mosaics of the churches of Ravenna, to Japanese
art, and to painters such as Berne-Jones and Alma-Tadema. His most well-known
work of this period is "The Kiss."
In 1909, at the end of
his golden period, Klimt traveled to Paris and Spain. From 1910-11, he
participated in exhibits in Venice and Rome. In 1917 he received honorary
membership into the Academies of Fine Arts in Vienna and Munich. He continued
to paint actively until he suffered a stroke and died in February 1918.
Della Vita, L'
Ages of Woman, The
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